Use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating
Historic documentation refers to celebrations held every year attracting numerous pilgrims and that offers were made to the monumental statues (They were perhaps the most famous cultural landmarks of the region, and the site was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the surrounding cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley. and described Bamiyan in the Da Tang Xiyu Ji as a flourishing Buddhist center "with more than ten monasteries and more than a thousand monks".They were dynamited and destroyed in March 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, An envoy visiting the United States in the following weeks said that they were destroyed to protest international aid exclusively reserved for statue maintenance while Afghanistan was experiencing famine, while the Afghan Foreign Minister claimed that the destruction was merely about carrying out Islamic religious iconoclasm.International opinion strongly condemned the destruction of the Buddhas, which in the following years was primarily viewed as an example of the extreme religious intolerance of the Taliban.The Silk Road has been historically a caravan route linking the markets of China with those of the Western world.It was the site of several Buddhist monasteries, and a thriving center for religion, philosophy, and art.
Intriguingly, Xuanzang mentions a third, even larger, reclining statue of the Buddha.Because Afghanistan's Buddhist population no longer exists, and the statues were no longer worshipped, he added: "The government considers the Bamiyan statues as an example of a potential major source of income for Afghanistan from international visitors.The Taliban states that Bamiyan shall not be destroyed but protected." However, Afghanistan's radical clerics began a campaign to crack down on "un-Islamic" segments of Afghan society.He was prevented from taking further action by the local governor and a direct order of Mohammed Omar, although tyres were later burned on the head of the great Buddha.
In July 1999, Mullah Mohammed Omar issued a decree in favor of the preservation of the Bamiyan Buddha statues.Monks at the monasteries lived as hermits in small caves carved into the side of the Bamiyan cliffs.